The beef production chain

From the moment the calf is born to the moment of slaughter and processing, the cow goes through many ranches – that can contribute to deforestation or not. Check out below how the beef production chain is structured:

is where the calf is born and usually stays in for the first six or seven months of life, while still being nursed.


Purchases recently weaned calves and raise them until up to one year and a half old, when they are considered “yearling”.
São chamados de fornecedores indiretos as fazendas que não vendem o boi diretamente para os frigoríficos, ou seja, durante a fase de abate. Do nascimento ao abate o gado passa por, pelo menos, três fazendas: cria, recria e engorda
No Brasil, os bois passam por até 3 fazendas antes do abate
Quanto mais elos na cadeia, mais difícil rastrear a procedência da carne e se ela contribuiu para o desmatamento da Amazônia.
Those who sell directly to slaughterhouses and/or abattoirs. The companies’ policies to guarantee the compliance with the social and environmental legislation are usually limited to farms from that step of cattle purchasing.
Slaughter and processing – Companies that slaughter animals and, generally, also process beef. They work as direct suppliers for slaughterhouses.
It is up to them to develop and execute purchase policies to guarantee that the beef that comes from their – direct and indirect – suppliers has not been through farms that promote deforestation.
Purchase the beef from slaughterhouses to directly market it to consumers. Aiming at greater transparency in the chain, retailers should demand from slaughterhouses evidence that the beef purchased, at any stage of its chain, has not contributed to deforestation in the Amazon.
The path that beef takes, from the birth of the calf to the sale of the processed product to the final consumer, is called the beef production chain.